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Latest research: There is no conclusive evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smokeThe research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for use of e-cigarettes. Although the correlation between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data is collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification.

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However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called "gateway effect" or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. "Policy makers have used the results of research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans. However, evidence suggests that the use of e-cigarettes may lead to young people Human smoking is not as strong as it seems." said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences.

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The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for use of e-cigarettes. Although the correlation between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data is collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification.

Latest research: There is no conclusive evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke

In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes.

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However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called "gateway effect" or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. "Policy makers have used the results of research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans. However, evidence suggests that the use of e-cigarettes may lead to young people Human smoking is not as strong as it seems." said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences.

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However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called "gateway effect" or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. "Policy makers have used the results of research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans. However, evidence suggests that the use of e-cigarettes may lead to young people Human smoking is not as strong as it seems." said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences.

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